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St. Mary's Cement Quarry Proposal
Kevin Powers
Campbell Strategies
199 Bay St. Suite 3210
Toronto, ON M5L 1E7
RE: St. Mary's Cement Quarry Proposal
Information Session
We’d like to propose April 13 from 7 - 8 pm.
If that works for you, we’ll start arrangements.
It would be about a 15 minute presentation, followed by 45 minutes of Q&A.
You and all residents of Caledon Village will also be getting an invite shortly to a larger community meeting that will take place April 7. The whole town of Caledon is invited to this one.
The one on the 13th will just be for Village residents, who are welcome to attend both.
If you would like to be part of this meeting for Caledon Village residents, please forward your email to caledonvillageassociation@gmail.com Emails are required so that invitations with link information can be sent out from the organizers. If you are not comfortable with your email being used, please forward your questions to the CVA email and we will try and get your concerns addressed. To be clear, the same offer has been given to other Associations and groups in the area.





Gravel Pits


CbM (St. Marys and Humeniuk) "Information" Campaigns

Ladies and gentlemen, CBM (St. Marys and Humeniuk) has scheduled so-called online “Information” campaigns for March 9, 10 and 11, 2021. Residents and members of Caledon Council that intend to attend the online “Information” campaigns should be made aware of what St. Marys and Mr. Humeniuk (principal of TPC Osprey Valley Golf Course) have been up to during the past two decades in their collaborative effort to launch three blasting quarries below the water table. They have assembled massive amounts of land, which they plan to destroy and cause untold damage to the environment, and negatively impact the lives of countless people, compromising their health and safety, their quality of life, and reducing the value of their properties.


·         St. Marys assembly in the SW quadrant of Charleston Sdrd and Cataract Rd consists of 285.76 acres, of which 47.216 acres are within the Settlement Area of the Hamlet of Cataract (All 47.216 acres are also within the Niagara Escarpment Plan). In 1980, although the availability of water was an issue, subdivision approval was granted for a 34-acre parcel (within the hamlet), but the approval had lapsed three years later in 1983. (See attached documentation).  In 2003, when St. Marys bought the 186-acre parcel, which includes the 47 acres within the Settlement Area, the parcel was registered in a numbered company to conceal the true ownership of the parcel, and with full knowledge that 47 acres are within the Settlement Area, as disclosed on the MLS listing. (see attached particulars of 2003 acquisition) 


·         Humeniuk (Owner of TPC Osprey Valley Golf Course) entered into a 35-year Lease and Royalty Agreement with St. Marys Cement Inc. from July 4, 2019 to July 3, 2054 for 413.56 acres, consisting of 323.41 acres (west of Main St) and 90.15 acres (east of Main St), with St. Marys Cement Inc. granted a first right of refusal. (see attached ownership details)


·         John Henry McClellan sold  100.26 acres at the northeast corner of Charleston Sdrd and Mississauga Rd to St. Marys Cement Inc. on December 11, 2020, with a right of first refusal to purchase the property on the earliest of 20 years after the date of this Agreement, the date on which SMC obtains a licence under the Aggregate Resources Act or the death of McClellan. (see attached ownership details)


St. Marys and Humeniuk have acted as if the process of obtaining a licence under the Aggregate Resources Act is a fait accompli, even though no rezoning and Official Plan applications have been filed.


Mr. Humeniuk has massive land holdings in the area as shown of the “Proposed Modifications to Schedule A for the Osprey valley lands,” to which he more recently added 18970 Main St (197.20 acres) and 19370 Main St (101.76 acres). See attached acquisition particulars. Quarries blasting below the water table are not compatible with Mr. Humeniuk’s plans to expand the nearby TPC Osprey Valley golf course with  a new clubhouse, cottages or villas, and a conference centre. Blasting quarries and golfing don’t mix! 


Mr. Humeniuk and St. Marys have spent the past two decades assembling land with the intention of establishing three quarries blasting below the water table in the following locations:


·         Southwest quadrant of Charleston Sdrd and Cataract Rd (southerly extension of Main St)

·         Northeast quadrant of Charleston Sdrd and Main St (northerly extension of Cataract Rd)

·         NW quadrant of Charleston Sdrd and Main St, extending to Mississauga Rd


Of course, no well-informed or well-advised person would ever purchase a  home or business (or want to be near) a quarry blasting below the water table:


·         Who would possibly want to golf next to a blasting quarry and be exposed to noise, airblast (overpressure), ground vibration, fugitive dust, and possibly sustain injury or death from flyrock? Flyrock is a phenomenon of blasting rock, and can be launched great distances from the site of the blast. I documented 92 flyrock incidents, where the travel distances were known, and some flyrock travelled in excess of 2,500 metres (2.5 kilometres). Attached is a Flyrock Power Point presentation prepared by Mr. Hill, P.Eng. that graphically illustrates the dangers and devastating consequences of flyrock. (also see Blasting Regulations Changes & Flyrock, 2009, which shows and describes seven flyrock incidents, Slides 14-17,  https://dmme.virginia.gov/dmm/PDF/TRAINING/REFRESHER/lawchanges/ARBlastingRegChanges2009.pdf) 

·         Who would possibly want to reside or conduct business near a blasting quarry, and be exposed to noise, airblast (overpressure), ground vibration, fugitive dust, and possibly sustain injury or death from flyrock?

·         Who would want to expose their children, pets or family members suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) to the terrifying sound of repeated blasting?

·         Who would want to endure the adverse effects, including repeated blasting, of a blasting quarry for the next 35 years (or more)?

·         Who would possibly want to drive (e.g., school bus, passenger vehicle, delivery trucks) or cycle or walk by a blasting quarry and risk being showered by flyrock debris and fugitive dust? 

·         Who would possibly want to be exposed to the increase in truck traffic and the accidents that inevitably follow?

·         Who would possibly want to visit any tourist or recreational facilities near a blasting quarry, which is hardly conducive to expanding Caledon’s growing tourism industry?

·         What municipality would expect to have its property tax base destroyed by blasting quarry operations, which pay taxes at an acreage rate consistent with low quality farm land rather an acreage rate based on industrial use?

·         Why should the homeowners and other businesses in Caledon be expected to absorb the loss of realty taxes occasioned by blasting quarry operations?

·         You won’t be able to enjoy backyard social gatherings, your pool or have an outdoor barbeque, do yard work, hang laundry out to dry, plant an organic garden/farm, or allow livestock (or pets) to graze on grass covered with fugitive dust, potentially toxic.

·         Residences within a considerable distance of blasting quarry operations sustain a significant loss in property value. Studies have shown that each residence within approximately one mile (1,600 metres) losses in the range of 20% to 30% of its value. The loss in property value can be attributed to a host of factors (lack of marketability, inability to obtain mortgage financing on favourable terms and conditions, loss of potable water, potential subsidence from dewatering, exposure to repeated blasting, exposure to flyrock and fugitive dust, loss of use and enjoyment of outdoor amenity space, reduced quality of life, etc.)


Certainly, the intersections of Main St/Catarart and Charleston Sdrd, and Mississauga Rd and Charleston Sdrd are not appropriate locations for quarries blasting below the water table. Residents of Alton, Cataract, Coulterville, Brimstone, Belfountain, Inglewood and Cheltanham have cause for concern, as does everyone who enjoys the many recreational amenities in the area:


·         Forks-of-the Credit Provincial Park and the Cataract Falls

·         The Alton Grange

·         Caledon Ski Club

·         Caledon Mountain Trout Club

·         Credit River (https://cvc.ca/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/credit-river-fisheries-mgmtplan.pdf) 

·         Elora Cataract Trailway

·         Bruce Trail and Niagara Escarpment

·         Belfountain Dam, Headpond and “Yellowstone Cave” – Belfountain Complex (see Belfountain Dam & Headpond, Environmental Assessment, 2017,  https://cvc.ca/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Environmental-Study-Report.pdf and Belfountain Conservation Area Management Plan, 2018,  https://cvc.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/Belfountain-CA-draft-mgmt-plan-Dec2018-draft.pdf)  

·         Woodlands and Significant Wildlife (see 2009 Woodlands and Significant Wildlife Habitat Study  https://www.peelregion.ca/planning/officialplan/pdfs/Peel-CaledonSW-SWH-Study-Report-Part4.pdf) 


Source water protection is also an extremely important issue where quarrying and blasting are below the water table, especially in karstic environments and in areas with a high water table, where dewatering is required 24 hours/day forever. (see Applied Research on Source Water Protection Issues in the Aggregate Industry, 2006,  https://ossga.com/multimedia/31/2006-applied_research_on_swp_issues_in_the_aggregate_industry-blackport_and_golder.pdf and  Hydraulic Impacts of Quarries and Gravel Pits, 2005,  https://files.dnr.state.mn.us/publications/waters/hdraulic-impacts-of-quarries.pdf)  


“Groundwater is…an important regional resource. Not only does this resource supply drinking water, it also serves a vital role in maintaining ecosystem integrity. In the Town of Caledon, groundwater aquifers are the primary source for private and municipal water supplies not serviced by the lake-based system supplied by Lake Ontario.”  “Surface water is water that collects on the land surface (i.e., wetlands) or in a stream, river, lake, reservoir….Surface water is constantly replenished through precipitation, and lost through evaporation and seepage into ground water supplies (See Figure 3 Peel Regional Official Plan).  Stormwater is produced from precipitation in the form of runoff from rain or snow. Stormwater runoff is managed through a number of different approaches including practices that reduce the rate and/or volume of stormwater runoff and remove pollutants from runoff generated on development sites.” (see Protecting Water Resources: Roles and Responsibilities Peel 2041 Discussion Paper, 2018,  https://www.peelregion.ca/officialplan/review/pdf/water-resources-discussion-paper-roles-responsibility.pdf) 


Attached is letter expressing my concerns about the failure of explosives engineers to address “flyrock” in the preparation of Blasting Impact/Assessments on behalf of the Aggregate industry, emailed four times to the Professional Engineers of Ontario, without as much as a courteous acknowledgement. 


·         Blasting Impact Assessments are proponent-driven, with the sole objective of obtaining municipal and provincial approvals for a blasting quarry operation. 

·         Blasting Impact Assessments ignore entirely any acknowledgement or meaningful analysis of flyrock, and the adverse effects on the health and safety of residents (i.e., human targets), including quality of life and property-value diminution.

·         Blasting Impact Assessments simply reference undefined “sensitive receptors” that may be impacted by vibration and overpressure from blasting.

·         Blasting Impact Assessments are devoid of any concern for human or animal life (pets and livestock).

·         Blasting Impact Assessments fail to mention the potential for ground vibrations from blasting to crack building foundations, and cause basement flooding and formation of mold.


Caledon does not have any blasting quarries within its borders, and passing a by-law banning them outright would protect all of the citizens of Caledon, including visitors, against flyrock (debris and fugitive dust). A by-law preventing blasting quarries would also prevent destruction of  the environment. Quarries that blast below the water table cause significant hydrogeological problems, as they must be dewatered 24 hours/day forever, and there is no prospect for rehabilitation after all of the aggregate has been removed.


Alternatively, Caledon could pass by-laws requiring a minimum quarry setback of 800 metres and not permit any blasting quarries within 1,000 metres of any Settlement area within the Town of Caledon.


·         Blasting quarries destroy the environment, are a major health and safety risk, reduce the quality of life, and are inconsistent with Caledon’s self-proclaimed image as the “Greenest Town in Ontario.”


Caledon is posed to experience significant population growth, and tourism is on the rise, given Caledon’s proximity to surrounding communities (Erin, Orangeville, Brampton, Mississauga, Toronto). Caledon’s many outdoor recreational opportunities have become a magnet for those people seeking refuge from the spread of Covid19 in densely populated urban centres. 


Caledon council is responsible for protecting the health and safety of current and future residents, and to ensure that current and future residents are not exposed to nuisances commonly associated with blasting quarry operations, which the residents would have to endure for 35 to 40 years! Blasting quarries generate an inordinate number of complaints and potential lawsuits from residents. 


If you are not in favour of St. Marys/Humeniuk’s proposed blasting quarries, please contact Caledon Council members and Planning staff and let them know why. Please feel free to use and circulate this email and the supporting materials.


Regards, Tony